Energy is the first thread that is directly associated with the development of the economy, social equality and the improvement of environmental factors, in a country. Sustainable energy is essential for sustainable development. An erroneous view has persisted among the critics that renewable energy resources are a luxury and are affordable only in a prosperous world. However, this took a different course in 2015 when the investment of non-hydro power generation peaked in various countries. Almost $156 billion was invested in the same in countries like India and Brazil.
Renewable energy resources like solar, wind, thermal, biomass and many more are abundantly and alternatively available in almost all countries across the world. Making use of this energy extensively to harness electricity, reduces our dependency on perishable resources like oil and natural gas. In rural and isolated areas, off-grid technologies can be implemented as an alternative to the diesel generator. This includes the replacement of kerosene lamps and traditional use of biomass for energy and electricity. Kenya is the first African country to implement the use of geothermal power, producing electricity of 200MW. It is leading in the world for the number of solar power plants and solar panels installed in the country.
Renewable energy in developing countries
The lack of access to renewable energy resources in the past has had a severe impact on today’s resources. For instance, in 2009, almost 1.4 billion people had no access to electricity, whereas 2.7 billion of them depended on the use of repressible resources like coal and fossil fuels. This has caused climatic changes over the years and many more hazardous effects. In developing countries, where 70% of the population stay in the rural areas, the use of renewable energy resources are the best option as transmitting and gridded the electricity through the villages is a tedious procedure. In the papers written by P Richards, he suggests that the efficient use of agriculture can be another source of alternative renewable energy in the developing countries, which is not just limited to the countries but also extends a great deal of impact on the climatic conditions across the globe.
The environmental concerns and hazardous phenomena like global warming and depletion of the ozone layers have reduced the cost of technologies and also increased the reliability of the alternative forms of energy generation.
Uses for sustainable development
According to studies, collectively there is an abundance of renewable energy resources available in the developing countries, for example, Indian and China that are rapidly growing markets for renewable energy. Many rural areas in certain countries have employed the use of off-grid technologies to transmit power. The purpose of this renewable energy recourse has caused a drastic change in the world today, which includes:
- Poverty alleviation
- Better health conditions especially in rural areas
The use of renewable energy resources has increased extensively in recent years because it is predominantly a necessity than a luxury. Programs from supportive organizations, business, government, and non-profit organizations are also equally supporting companies for the use of the latest technologies to use non-renewable resources for sustainable development.